While body mass index (or BMI) is frequently used to as the criteria for obesity, more precise measures of body composition can be provided by The ExerScience Clinic using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (or DXA). Not only does DXA provide information about the amount of lean tissue and fat tissue you have, but it can also accurately measure visceral adipose tissue (VAT) which is the fat which sits around the internal organs and is strongly associated with the development of cardiovascular disease. Research has demonstrated that moderate to high intensity exercise had the highest potential to reduce this dangerous abdominal fat. 6
1. Chen, 2012. The worldwide epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus—present and future perspectives. 2. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group, 2002. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention of metformin. 3. Colberg, 2010. Exercise and type 2 diabetes. 4. Johns, 2014. Diet or exercise interventions vs combined behavioural weight management programs: a systematic review and meta-analysis of direct comparisons. 5. Lal, 2012. Health care and lost productivity costs of overweight and obesity in New Zealand. 6. Vissers, 2013. The effects of exercise on visceral adipose tissue in overweight adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 7. American College of Sports Medicine, 2013. ACSM Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 8. Wing, 2002. Behavioural weight control.